Josephus, Flavius

Jewish historian who lived from about 37 to 100 CE; during the rebellion against Rome he was commander of the forces in Galilee but was taken prisoner. He became the interpreter for Vespasian during the siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE and afterwards resided in Rome, well-regarded by the emperors, Vespasian and Titus. Josephus wrote the history of the Jewish War, laying blame for the revolt on a minority of fanatics. He tried to explain the Jewish faith to Gentiles in his Antiquities of the Jewish People but a reference in it to Jesus was expanded and made more favourable at an early date by a Christian scribe. The four extant works of Josephus are fundamental for our knowledge of Jewish life and history for the last two centuries BCE and the first CE.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • JOSEPHUS FLAVIUS — (c. 37–after 100 C.E.), Jewish historian and one of the chief representatives of Jewish Hellenistic literature. BIOGRAPHY Early Life Born in Jerusalem into an aristocratic priestly family belonging to the mishmeret of Jehoiarib, through his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Josephus Flavius — Josephus Flavius,   eigentlich Joseph ben Mathitjạhu, jüdischer Geschichtsschreiber, * Jerusalem 37/38 n. Chr., ✝ Rom um 100; schloss sich nach anfänglicher Gegnerschaft im jüdischen Krieg dem Flavier Vespasian an und erwarb dessen Gunst durch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Josephus, Flavius — • Jewish historian, born A.D. 37, at Jerusalem; died about 101 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Josephus Flavius — Büste von Flavius Josephus Flavius Josephus (* 37 oder 38 als Joseph ben Mathitjahu ha Kohen, hebräisch: יוסף בן מתתיהו , in Jerusalem, † nach 100 vermutlich in Rom) war ein jüdischer Historiker des 1. Jahrhunderts, der seine Werke, die später… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josephus Flavius — (c. 38–c. 100 AD)    Jewish historian. The Jewish war against Roman rule in the first century AD, and the destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple, are known mainly from the works of a remarkable chronicler who had himself been both an… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Josephus, Flavius — orig. Joseph Ben Matthias born AD 37/38, Jerusalem died с 100, Rome Jewish priest, scholar, and historian. Born of a priestly family, Josephus joined the Pharisees. While on a diplomatic mission he was impressed by the culture and sophistication… …   Universalium

  • Josephus,Flavius — Jo·se·phus (jō sēʹfəs), Flavius. A.D. 37 100?. Jewish general and historian who took part in the Jewish revolt against the Romans. His History of the Jewish War is the major source of information about the siege of Masada (72 73). * * * …   Universalium

  • JOSEPHUS, FLAVIUS —    Jewish historian, born at Jerusalem, of royal and priestly lineage; was a man of eminent ability and scholarly accomplishments, distinguished no less for his judgment than his learning; gained favour at Rome; was present with Titus at the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • JOSEPHUS, Flavius — (37 100)    JEWISH historian whose writings are our chief source of information about first century JUDAISM …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Josephus Flavius — (AD 37 100?, born as Joseph Ben Matthias) Jewish historian and military man who participated in the Jewish rebellion against Rome, author of History of the Jewish War …   English contemporary dictionary

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